Any speech or language problem will have a significant impact on a child’s social and academic development. There is a wide range of developmental milestones and each child develops in their own way, however listed below is the typical development of a child from 1 to 3 years of age. Many speech and language delays can be identified as early as 12-18 months of age.
At 12 months of age your child should be:
- responding consistently to his/her name being called as well as recognizing words for common objects such as “milk”, “shoe”, “book”, etc.
- respond to requests such as “Sit down”, “Get your cup”, “Come here”
- using speech-like utterances and gestures to get your attention and communicate needs or wants with four or more different sounds at the beginning of words
- using several words purposely and consistently to name common objects, however sounds may not be clear or utterances could be approximations such as “baba” for bottle.
At 1 to 2 years your child should be:
- able to listen and attend to simple stories in books and point to pictures when named.
- following simple one step directions such as “Where’s mommy?”, “Pet the puppy”.
- consistently adding more and more words to their vocabulary each month
- starting to put two words together such as “ Mommy up” with more clarity and using up to six different consonant sounds in the beginnings of words.
At 2 to 3 years your child should be:
- able to listen and attend to stories in books for longer periods of time, naming pictures and actions in books using 3-5 word sentences.
- following simple two step directions such as “Get your shoe and bring it to Daddy”
- able to be understood by a variety of familiar and unfamiliar listeners most of the time.
- using two and three word combinations to ask for things and talk about things in his/her environment.
- use most speech sounds correctly in words and phrases.
- able to ask and answer yes/no, why and how questions
How can we help?
The first step is to determine if your child is actually delayed with a comprehensive evaluation. Phone consultations to help you in making that determination are always free of charge. Should your child need support, programs we offer at this age group could include individual speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, sensory integration, feeding aversion therapy, and autism resources.